When you’re preparing for your dental implant surgery, your dentist is likely to go over a bunch of options for choosing the type of implant that’s right for you. Several factors that will be considered including the style of implant you need with an important one being the materials that your implant is made out of.

There are fairly standard materials that different dental surgeons tend to use to create custom implant pieces. All of these materials will be discussed in the following post along with what materials work best for each patient depending on their allergies, preferences, and current dental health.

dental implant materials

Most dental implants have a screw-like post that is  often made up of titanium or zirconium. These materials easily bond to the patient’s jawbone and are extremely durable. It is because of this compatibility factor that they are often used over other materials and have risen to be the top two choices of materials used for implants. Look below to see what Sarasota Dentistry has to say about these different implant materials and their safety benefits.

Zirconia Dental Implants vs Titanium Implants

Are both Titanium and Zirconia safe materials to have implanted in the jawbone?

Both options of implant materials are biocompatible, FDA approved and considered safe. This means that they interact favorably with the human body and are non-toxic. Small traces of the Titanium Alloy may become present in the bloodstream but the past 50 years of study has shown it to cause no adverse reactions. (The only exception being if the patient is allergic to a metal in the alloy.) Zirconia is also biocompatible, hypoallergenic and does not seep into the bloodstream.”

Another part of the dental implant is called the abutment. The abutment is the piece that acts as a connector between the screw portion of the implant and the artificial crown. Abutments are often made of materials similar to their corresponding crown pieces and come composed of metals or are semi-metallic. Pocket Dentistry discusses some of the more common materials used to craft abutments.

Implant Abutment Materials

“The most commonly used implant abutment materials (Figure 1.2, Table 1.1) to be discussed are:

  • Titanium:
    • machined
    • polished
    • Laser-Lok.
  • Surgical grade stainless steel.
  • Cast gold.
  • Zirconia.
  • Polyether ether ketone (PEEK).”

In addition to the post (“root”) and abutment segments of a dental implant there’s also the crown. As previously mentioned, the crown is made up of materials similar to the abutment and it’s composition must be extremely durable to last long periods of use with minimal to no wear.

Colgate describes the different types of crowns available in the following article excerpt. You can sort through these options and pick the material right for you based on your appearance preferences or general compatibility.

Different Types Of Dental Crowns

“There are four different types of dental crowns.

Ceramic — These are used for restoring front teeth, and are popular in this area for their ability to blend with your natural tooth color. The crown is made of a porcelain-based material.
Porcelain-fused to metal – This crown provides a stronger bond than regular porcelain because it is connected to a metal structure. It’s also extremely durable.
Gold alloys – This crown is a mix of gold, copper and other metals. In addition to providing a strong bond to the tooth, it doesn’t fracture, nor does it wear away the tooth itself.
Base metal alloys – This crown is made up of non-noble metals that are highly resistant to corrosion, and make for a very strong crown. It also requires the least amount of healthy tooth to be removed prior to fitting.”

Now that you’re aware of all the different types of materials that compose a dental implant, it’s important to consult with your dentist to see what materials are right for you. You might have allergies to certain materials or require dental implant materials for another purpose such as durability or functionality.

To learn more about dental implant materials and what types of dental implants Burke Dental has available, call out office today at (703) 978-6000 to schedule your next appointment!

Related article: Can You Get More Than One Dental Implant At A Time?